Haarlem, 17 September 1892
Haarlem, 12 April 1981
 
Sonata
1926
movements:
1. Andante tranquillo
2. Allegro capriccioso
3. Arioso. Adagio
4. Molto allegro, ma gracioso
duration: about 17′;
publisher: Editions Maurice Senart, Paris 1928;
re-published by: Donemus, Amsterdam 1966;
dedicated to Thomas Canivez.
 
 
Hendrik Andriessen was born into a veritable artists’ dynasty. His mother Gezina Vester was a painter and his father Nicolaas was an organist and choral conductor. Hendrik’s brothers Willem and Mari were respectively a concert pianist and sculptor.
From 1914 Andriessen studied organ with Charles de Pauw and composition with Bernard Zweers at the Conservatorium van Amsterdam. However, he was mostly influenced by Alphonse Diepenbrock in his development as a composer.
Andriessen had a strong predilection for French music, so it comes as no surprise that César Franck’s organ works were a great source of inspiration for him. He also kept in personal contact with composers such as Albert Roussel, Gabriel Pierné and Darius Milhaud. With regard to German composers he was particularly captivated by the song composer Hugo Wolf. He also frequently performed as a song accompanist.
Andriessen taught theory as a principal subject at the Conservatorium van Amsterdam, as well as teaching organ, improvisation and Gregorian chant at the Roman Catholic School for Church Music in Utrecht. He also held the post of organist and conductor at the Utrecht Cathedral. In 1937 he became both director of the Utrecht Conservatoire and professor of composition at the Conservatorium van Amsterdam. During the Second World War Andriessen was severely restricted in his musical activities as a consequence of refusing to become a member of the Kultuurkamer (Chamber of Culture). He was even interned for some time in the Haaren and St. Michielsgestel camps.
Andriessen was director of the Royal Conservatoire of The Hague from 1949 until 1957 and professor of musicology at the Catholic University of Nijmegen from 1952 until 1963. Albert de Klerk, Herman Strategier and Jan Mul were among his most prominent students. He was also the father of the composers Louis Andriessen and Jurriaan Andriessen.
Alongside his organ compositions (for instance, the Sonata da Chiesa of 1926 and the Passacaglia of 1929), his church music (masses with and without organ), his songs (for instance, his Miroir de peine of 1923, composed to poems by Henri Ghéon, and Trois Pastorales of 1935, to poems by Arthur Rimbaud) and orchestral works, of which the Variations and fugue on a theme by Kuhnau (1935) and his Fourth Symphony (1954) enjoy particular renown, Andriessen’s chamber music works occupy a completely unique position. Following his unpublished Violin Sonata (1915) and posthumously published Viola Sonatina (1924), the Sonata for cello and piano (1926) was the first sonata that Hendrik Andriessen released for publication. From this Sonata it is possible to trace an organic development via the Second Violin Sonata (1931) and the Three Inventions for violin and cello (1937) to the piano trio of 1939.
 
In terms of its architecture the Sonata for cello and piano, composed in the striking tonality of F# minor, presents itself as an independent elaboration of César Franck’s cyclic principle. Any resemblance to Willem Pijper’s germ-cell technique is at best superficial in this context. There is also clear use of bitonal voice-leading. On the other hand, Andriessen does not yet employ twelve-tone techniques, as he was later to do in works such as the Three Inventions.
Regarding its mentality, the Sonata displays a close affinity with the chamber music of Gabriel Fauré – another French composer much admired by Andriessen – in its eschewal of every form of outward display. The softly whispering conclusion of the elegant, autumnal final movement clearly bears witness to this.
 
Hendrik Andriessen performed the Sonata himself with cellists such as Thomas Canivez (who gave the première of Matthijs Vermeulen’s First Sonata) and Marix Loevensohn (who performed Henriëtte Bosmans’s Sonata and Willem Pijper’s First Sonata).
Besides the Sonata added here to this catalogue, Andriessen later also composed the Sonata for solo cello (1951), the Canzona with orchestra (1965) and the Concertino with orchestra (1970).
 
Recording:See Discografie Dutch Cello Sonatas, CD volume 6.
 
Listen to part of the Sonata:
 
 

 

(June 7th, 2014)
 

Composers

Alkema, Henk

Alkema, Henk

Harlingen, 20 November 1944
Utrecht, 4 August 2011

Appy, Ernest

Appy, Ernest

Den Haag, 25 oktober 1834
Kansas City, 2 augustus 1895

Badings, Henk

Badings, Henk

Bandoeng (Java), 17 January 1907
Maarheeze, 26 June 1987

Bijvanck, Henk

Bijvanck, Henk

Koedoes (Java), 6 November 1909
Heemstede, 5 September 1969

Bois, Rob du

Bois, Rob du

Amsterdam, 28 May 1934
Haarlem, 28 August 2013

Bouman, Antoon

Bouman, Antoon

‘s Hertogenbosch, 18 October 1854
Wassenaar, 23 March 1906

Bunge, Sas

Bunge, Sas

Amsterdam, 19 July 1924
Utrecht, 17 July 1980

Chapiro, Fania

Chapiro, Fania

Surabaya (Java), 10 June 1926
Hilversum, 6 December 1994

Dijk, Jan van

Dijk, Jan van

Oostzaan, 4 January 1918
Zwjndrecht, 25 November 2016

Dispa, Robert

Dispa, Robert

Sint-Pieters-Leeuw (België), 19 September 1929
Hengelo (O), 6 March 2003

Dresden, Sem

Dresden, Sem

Amsterdam, 20 April 1881
Den Haag, 31 July 1957

Dunkler, Emile

Dunkler, Emile

Den Haag, 20 August 1838 (?)
Den Haag (?), 6 February 1871

Eisma, Will

Eisma, Will

Soengailiat (Bangka, Indonesië), 13 May 1929

Franken, Wim

Franken, Wim

Assen, 7 January 1922
Deventer, 21 April 2012

Frid, Géza

Frid, Géza

Máramarossziget (Hongarije, thans Roemenië), 25 january 1904
Beverwijk, 13 September 1989

Godron, Hugo

Godron, Hugo

Amsterdam, 22 November 1900
Zoelmond, 6 December 1971

Jama, Agnes

Jama, Agnes

Dürnstein (Oostenrijk), 1911
Den Haag, 1993

Kes, Willem

Kes, Willem

Dordrecht, 16 February 1856
München, 22 February 1934

Ketting, Otto

Ketting, Otto

Amsterdam, 3 September 1935
Den Haag, 13 December 2012

Koetsier, Jan

Koetsier, Jan

Amsterdam, 14 August 1911
München, 28 April 2006

Lilien, Ignace

Lilien, Ignace

Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukrain), 29 May 1897
Den Haag, 10 May 1964

Mul, Jan

Mul, Jan

Haarlem, 20 September 1911
Haarlem, 30 December 1971

Orthel, Léon

Orthel, Léon

Roosendaal, 4 October 1905
Den Haag, 6 September 1985

Osieck, Hans

Osieck, Hans

Amsterdam, 25 January 1910
Bloemendaal, 22 June 2000

Oskam, E. W.

Oskam, E. W.

About this composer we know nothing at this moment, except that there is this composition:   Élégie in e flat minor for cello (or viola) and organ or piano duration: t.b.a.; publisher: Albersen, the Hague 19–; dedicated to Charles van Isterdaël; location: Muziekbibliotheek van de Omroep (Netherlands Radio Music Library).  

Ponse, Luctor

Ponse, Luctor

Genève, 11 October 1914
Amsterdam, 17 February 1998

Schäfer, Dirk

Schäfer, Dirk

Rotterdam, 25 November 1873
Amsterdam, 16 February 1931

Stam, Henk

Stam, Henk

Utrecht, 26 September 1922
Suawoude, 9 December 2002

Wesly, Émile

Wesly, Émile

Maastricht, 1 November 1858
Paris (?), 26 March 1926

Witte, G. H.

Witte, G. H.

Utrecht, 16 November 1843
Essen (D), 3 February 1929

Zagwijn, Henri

Zagwijn, Henri

Nieuwer Amstel, 17 July 1878
Den Haag, 23 October 1954